The difference between nurses and other professions is seen in their roles and functions in providing health services. Nurses are responsible for obtaining and retaining specialized knowledge and skills for various professional roles and responsibilities (Potter & Perry, 2009). top per diem nursing jobs to meet the needs of patients focuses on the promotion and prevention of disease, management of illness and symptoms, family support, and end-of-life care (care at the end of life). The following is an explanation of the role and function of nurses in improving the quality of health services.
Nurse as a caregiver. Nurses as caregivers help maintain and restore health, manage illnesses and symptoms, and achieve maximum level of function and independence through the healing process (Potter & Perry, 2009). The nursing action required may involve full care, partial care, or supportive-educative care depending on the client’s needs to assist the client in achieving the highest possible level of health and well-being (Potter & Perry, 2009). Nurses in providing health services through nursing care that is through the nursing process. Nurses also meet the needs of patients in the bio-psycho-social-spiritual aspects while maintaining the dignity of the client. As a caregiver, nurses help patients and families determine and fulfill their goals with as little money, time and energy as possible.
The nurse’s role as a communicator is also important because the effectiveness of nurse communication is a central nurse-client relationship. Communication is very important between nurses and clients to find out the strengths, weaknesses, and needs of clients (Potter & Perry, 2009). Through good communication, nurses can identify client problems and communicate verbally or in writing to other health care team members (Kozier, 2016). In addition, without clear communication, nurses cannot provide comfort and emotional support, provide effective care, make decisions with patients and families, protect patients, coordinate and manage patient care, assist patients in rehabilitation, and provide education to patients (Potter & Perry, 2009). The quality of nurse communication is an important factor in meeting the needs of individuals, families, groups, and society.
Another role of the nurse is as a teacher or educator. Nurses in this role help clients learn about their health and health care procedures that clients must take to restore or maintain their own health (Kozier, 2016). Sometimes education by nurses to patients occurs unplanned and informal, for example when nurses are explaining the reasons for intravenous infusion, nurses provide other education such as stopping smoking, good food for health, or a healthy lifestyle. Formal and planned education such as when nurses teach how to give insulin injections independently, in addition nurses must also educate client companions who treat patients independently at home.